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asked Apr 24, 2016 by anonymous

traffic barriersRubber Speed Bumps
An Introductory Guide To Road Safety Audits The need for road safety audits has exploded considerably since the 1990's once the Design Standard HD 19/90 had been included into the Design Manual for Roads and Bridges (DMRB). Nowaday's many Local Authorities are demanding an independent road safety audit (RSA) included in the Planning Application.

What's a RSA?

A RSA is a formal process by that the possibility of accidents to occur therefore the safety of new highway schemes are checked. The systematic approach used to carry the RSA out, are based on established safety principles. The auditor's role is to assess the proposed scheme as a body that is independent without any understanding of the proposal and so no preconceived ideas. This is vital as the auditor is to make certain that the street will run as safely as possible, thereby minimizing the potential for future accidents to occur and if they do, to reduce their extent.

As Road Safety Auditors we are guided by two safety maxims. These being:
Prevention is way better than remedy; and
The security audit considers all road users and road that is especially vulnerable.

Naturally, we also refer regularly to more detailed guidance on carrying down road safety audits. Such guidance is included in DMRB within HD 19/94 "Road Safety Audit Standard" and Advice Note HA 42/94, which had been written utilizing the Trunk Road system in mind. In addition, the Institution of Highways and Transportation (IHT) have prepared "Guidelines for the Safety Audit of Highways", dated 1996, which complements the advice in DMRB but will not supersede it.

There are Four Safety Audit Stages

DMRB and IHT Guidelines suggest the following Stages:-

Feasibility (no requirement to carry out);

Stage 1 - Preliminary/draft plans;
Stage 2 - Detailed design;
Phase 3 - On Opening (recommended just prior to opening); and
Monitoring - Recommended at 1 and 36 months after opening.

What is RSA Good Practice?

a good practitioner will follow a code of good practice. In the first example, its good practice for the road safety review become carried away totally independently of the road scheme designer.

When it comes to good practice the following principles apply:-

The review group should be independent of the design team;
For Stage 1 audits, 2 auditors would suffice. However, a Stage 2 audit may require specialists while Stage 3 audits should include the Police, an engineer responsible for the street upkeep and a Road Safety Officer.
The audit group should see the website;
The review team needs to have specialist knowledge that is up-to-date of engineering;
The findings should be documented as should the audit advice;
The designer should document reasons for not implementing advice;
What exactly are the Real Benefits of Carrying Out a Road Safety Audit? Decrease the potential for an accident to happen
Reduce the severe nature of possible accidents
Raise understanding of safe design practices

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